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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 14.Understands how human actions modify the physical environment
  
Topics1. Impact of society on the environment; 2. Environmental issues
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 3.Understands the global impacts of human changes in the physical environment (e.g., increases in runoff and sediment, tropical soil degradation, habitat destruction, air pollution; alterations in the hydrologic cycle; increases in world temperatures; groundwater reduction)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  global impact
B.  runoff increase
C.  sediment increase
D.  tropical soil degradation
E.  changes in hydrologlic cycle
F.  world temperature increase
G.  groundwater reduction
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the increase in runoff and sediment as a global impact of human changes in the physical environment   
  2. Understands tropical soil degradation as a global impact of human changes in the physical environment   
  3. Understands habitat destruction as a global impact of human changes in the physical environment   
  4. Understands air pollution as a global impact of human changes in the physical environment    
  5. Understands alterations in the hydrologic cycle as a global impact of human changes in the physical environment    
  6. Understands increases in world temperatures as a global impact of human changes in the physical environment   
  7. Understands groundwater reduction as a global impact of human changes in the physical environment   


Citation Log: BD(GE,212-213;​IGE,14;​NI,77-78)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document