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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 14.Understands how human actions modify the physical environment
  
Topics1. Impact of society on the environment; 2. Environmental issues
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 1.Understands how the concepts of synergy, feedback loops, carrying capacity and thresholds relate to the limitations of the physical environment to absorb the impacts of human activity (e.g., levee construction on a flood plain, logging in an old-growth forest, construction of golf courses in arid areas)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  synergy
B.  feedback loop
C.  carrying capacity
D.  threshold
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how the concept of synergy relates to the limitations of the physical environment to absorb the impacts of human activity   
  2. Understands how the concept of feedback loops relates to the limitations of the physical environment to absorb the impacts of human activity   
  3. Understands how the concept of carrying capacity relates to the limitations of the physical environment to absorb the impacts of human activity   
  4. Understands how the concept of thresholds relates to the limitations of the physical environment to absorb the impacts of human activity   
  5. Understands how the concepts of synergy, feedback loops, carrying capacity, and thresholds relate to the limitations of the physical environment to absorb the impact of levee construction on a flood plain   
  6. Understands how the concepts of synergy, feedback loops, carrying capacity, and thresholds relate to the limitations of the physical environment to absorb the impact of logging in an old-growth forest   
  7. Understands how the concepts of synergy, feedback loops, carrying capacity and thresholds relate to the limitations of the physical environment to absorb the impact of construction of golf courses in arid areas   


Citation Log: BD(GE,212,214;​IEE,18;​NI,77)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document