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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 14.Understands how human actions modify the physical environment
  
Topics1. Impact of society on the environment; 2. Science, technology, and society; 3. Environmental issues
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 4.Understands the environmental consequences of both the unintended and intended outcomes of major technological changes in human history (e.g., the effects of automobiles using fossil fuels, nuclear power plants creating the problem of nuclear-waste storage, the use of steel-tipped plows or the expansion of the amount of land brought into agriculture)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  historical technological changes
B.  effects of using fossil fuels
C.  effects of nuclear waste
D.  effects of farming technologies
E.  effects of agriculture expansion
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the environmental consequences of the unintended outcomes of major technological changes in human history   
  2. Understands the environmental consequences of the intended outcomes of major technological changes in human history   
  3. Understands the environmental consequences of automobiles using fossil fuels   
  4. Understands the environmental consequences of nuclear power plants creating the problem of nuclear-waste storage   
  5. Understands the environmental consequences of the use of steel-tipped plows   
  6. Understands the environmental consequences of the expansion of the amount of land brought into agriculture   


Citation Log: BD(GE,172;​NI,61-62)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document