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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 14.Understands how human actions modify the physical environment
  
Topics1. Impact of society on the environment; 2. Science, technology, and society
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 3.Understands the ways in which technology influences the human capacity to modify the physical environment (e.g., effects of the introduction of fire, steam power, diesel machinery, electricity, work animals, explosives, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, hybridization of crops)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  technology and human modification of environment
B.  introduction of fire
C.  introduction of steam power
D.  introduction of diesel machinery
E.  introduction of electricity
F.  introduction of work animals
G.  introduction of explosives
H.  introduction of fertilizers
I.  introduction of pesticides
J.  introduction of crop hybridization
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how the human capacity to modify the physical environment has been affected by the introduction of work animals    
  2. Understands how the human capacity to modify the physical environment has been affected by the introduction of steam power   
  3. Understands how the human capacity to modify the physical environment has been affected by the introduction of diesel machinery    
  4. Understands how the human capacity to modify the physical environment has been affected by the introduction of electricity   
  5. Understands how the human capacity to modify the physical environment has been affected by the introduction of fire   
  6. Understands how the human capacity to modify the physical environment has been affected by the introduction of explosives   
  7. Understands how the human capacity to modify the physical environment has been affected by the introduction of chemical fertilizers and pesticides   
  8. Understands how the human capacity to modify the physical environment has been affected by the introduction of crop hybridization    


Citation Log: BD(GE,172)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document