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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 14.Understands how human actions modify the physical environment
  
Topics1. Impact of society on the environment; 2. Environmental issues
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 1.Understands the environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment (e.g., the effects of ozone depletion, climate change, deforestation, land degradation, soil salinization and acidification, ocean pollution, groundwater-quality decline, using natural wetlands for recreational and housing development)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  effects of ozone depletion
B.  effects of climate change
C.  effects of deforestation
D.  effects of land degradation
E.  effects of soil salinization
F.  effects of soil acidification
G.  effects of ocean pollution
H.  effects of water quality decline
I.  effects of wetland development
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands that ozone depletion is an environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment   
  2. Understands that climate change is an environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment   
  3. Understands that deforestation is an environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment   
  4. Understands that land degradation is an environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment   
  5. Understands that soil salinization is an environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment   
  6. Understands that soil acidification is an environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment   
  7. Understands that ocean pollution is an environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment  A   
  8. Understands that the decline of groundwater quality is an environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment   
  9. Understands the environmental consequences of using natural wetlands for recreational and housing development   


 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BD(GE,171;​NE,61,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document