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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 14.Understands how human actions modify the physical environment
  
TopicImpact of society on the environment
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 3.Knows how human activities have increased the ability of the physical environment to support human life in the local community, state, United States, and other countries (e.g., use of irrigation and dry-land farming techniques to improve crop yields, reforestation to prevent erosion, flood-control projects to make land habitable)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  ability of environment to support human life
B.  irrigation
C.  dry-land farming
D.  crop yield
E.  reforestation
F.  erosion prevention
G.  flood-control
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how human activities have increased the ability of the physical environment to support human life in the local community   
  2. Knows how human activities have increased the ability of the physical environment to support human life in the state   
  3. Knows how human activities have increased the ability of the physical environment to support human life in the United States   
  4. Knows how human activities have increased the ability of the physical environment to support human life in other countries   
  5. Knows that use of irrigation and dry-land farming techniques to improve crop yields has increased the ability of the physical environment to support human life  A   
  6. Knows that reforestation to prevent erosion has increased the ability of the physical environment to support human life   
  7. Knows that flood-control projects to make land habitable has increased the ability of the physical environment to support human life   


 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BD(GE,133;​NE,43;​TI,42)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document