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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 14.Understands how human actions modify the physical environment
  
Topics1. Impact of society on the environment; 2. Environmental issues
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 1.Knows the ways people alter the physical environment (e.g., by creating irrigation projects; clearing the land to make room for houses and shopping centers; planting crops; building roads)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  human modification of environment
B.  irrigation
C.  land clearing
D.  building development
E.  farmland
F.  road construction
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that people alter the physical environment by creating irrigation projects   
  2. Knows that people alter the physical environment by clearing the land to make room for houses and shopping centers  A   
  3. Knows that people alter the physical environment by planting crops   
  4. Knows that people alter the physical environment by creating building roads   


 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BD(GE,132-133;​EE,14;​NI,42-43;​TE,29-30;​DI,8.2.2)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document