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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 13.Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Global power and influence; 2. Colonies and colonial systems ; 3. Global economic interdependence and human society; 4. Convergence and divergence of cultures
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 6.Understands how external forces can conflict economically and politically with internal interests in a region (e.g., how the Pampas in Argentina underwent a significant socioeconomic transformation in the 19th and early 20th centuries as a consequence of European demands for grain and beef; the consequences of the French colonization of IndoChina in the 19th century to procure tin, tungsten, and rubber; the friction between Hindus and Muslims in the Indian subcontinent in the 1940s which led to the formation of India and Pakistan)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  conflict of economical interest
B.  conflict of political interest
C.  Pampas in Argentina
D.  IndoChina
E.  French colonization
F.  formation of India
G.  formation of Pakistan
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how external forces can conflict economically with internal interests in a region   
  2. Understands how external forces can conflict politically with internal interests in a region   
  3. Understands how the Pampas in Argentina underwent a significant socioeconomic transformation in the 19th and early 20th centuries as a consequence of European demands for grain and beef   
  4. Understands the consequences of the French colonization of IndoChina in the 19th century to procure tin, tungsten, and rubber   
  5. Understands the friction between Hindus and Muslims in the Indian subcontinent in the 1940s which led to the formation of India and Pakistan   


Citation Log: BD(GE,211;​IGI,11,12)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document