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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 13.Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Convergence and divergence of cultures; 2. Cooperation and conflict
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 2.Knows the causes of boundary conflicts and internal disputes between culture groups (e.g., the conflict between North Korea and South Korea, friction between the Spanish majority and Basque minority in Spain, the civil war between the Hutus and the Tutsis in Rwanda)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  cultural dispute
B.  North and South Korea
C.  Spanish and Basque populations
D.  Civil War
E.  Hutus and Tutis populations
F.  Rwanda
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows the causes of boundary conflicts between culture groups   
  2. Knows the causes of internal disputes between culture groups   
  3. Knows the causes of conflict between North Korea and South Korea   
  4. Knows the causes of friction between the Spanish majority and Basque minority in Spain   
  5. Knows the causes of the civil war between the Hutus and the Tutsis in Rwanda   


Citation Log: BD(GE,210;​IGI,10;​NE,86)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document