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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 13.Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Cooperation and conflict; 2. Global power and influence
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 1.Understands how cooperation and/or conflict can lead to the allocation of control of Earth's surface (e.g., formation and delineation of regional planning districts, regional school districts, countries, free-trade zones)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  allocating control of Earth
B.  regional planning district
C.  regional school district
D.  free-trade zone
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how cooperation can lead to the allocation of control of Earth’s surface    
  2. Understands how conflict can lead to the allocation of control of Earth’s surface    
  3. Understands regional planning districts represent an allocation of control of the Earth’s surface   
  4. Understands regional school districts represent an allocation of control of the Earth’s surface   
  5. Understands the formation and delineation of countries as an allocation of control of the Earth’s surface   
  6. Understands free-trade zones represent an allocation of control of the Earth’s surface   


Citation Log: BD(GE,210;​IGI,11,12;​NI,85-86)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document