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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 13.Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Types of territorial units; 2. Rise of nation-states ; 3. Group and national identity
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 3.Understands the various factors involved in the development of nation-states (e.g., competition for territory and resources, desire for self-rule, nationalism, history of domination by powerful countries)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  nation-state
B.  competition for territory
C.  competition for resources
D.  self-rule
E.  nationalism
F.  history of domination
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands competition for territory as a factor involved in the development of nation-states   
  2. Understands competition for resources as a factor involved in the development of nation-states   
  3. Understands the desire for self-rule as a factor involved in the development of nation-states   
  4. Understands nationalism as a factor involved in the development of nation-states   
  5. Understands the history of domination by powerful countries as a factor involved in the development of nation-states   


Citation Log: BD(GE,170)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document