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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 13.Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  
TopicCooperation and conflict
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 3.Knows how and why people compete for control of Earth's surface (e.g., ethnic or national differences, desire for political control, economic inequalities)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  world control
B.  ethnic differences
C.  national differences
D.  political control
E.  economic inequality
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how people compete for control of Earth’s surface   
  2. Knows why people compete for control of Earth’s surface   
  3. Knows that people compete for control of the Earth’s surface because of ethnic differences   
  4. Knows that people compete for control of the Earth’s surface because of national differences   
  5. Knows that people compete for control of the Earth’s surface because of the desire for political control   
  6. Knows that people compete for control of the Earth’s surface because of economic inequalities   


Citation Log: BD(GE,131;​NI,48)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document