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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 13.Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Types of territorial units; 2. Cooperation and conflict
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 2.Knows how and why people divide Earth's surface into political and/or economic units (e.g., states in the United States and Mexico; provinces in Canada; countries in North and South America; countries linked in cooperative relationships, such as the European Union)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  political unit
B.  economic unit
C.  states in the United States
D.  Mexican state
E.  Canadian province
F.  country
G.  North America
H.  South America
I.  European Union
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how people divide Earth’s surface into political units   
  2. Knows why people divide Earth’s surface into political units   
  3. Knows how people divide Earth’s surface into economic units   
  4. Knows why people divide Earth’s surface into economic units   
  5. Understands the division of the states in the United States    
  6. Understands the division of the states in Mexico   
  7. Understands the division of the provinces in Canada   
  8. Understands the division of countries in North America   
  9. Understands the division of countries in South America   
  10. Understands how countries are linked in cooperative relationships, such as the European Union   


Citation Log: BD(GE,130;​EI,13;​NI,38;​TI,27)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document