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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 13.Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Types of territorial units; 2. Development, ideology, and structure of political systems
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 1.Knows the functions of political units (e.g., law-making, law enforcement, provision of services, powers of taxation) and how they differ on the basis of scale (e.g., precinct, census district, school attendance zone, township, metropolitan area, county, state, nation)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  political unit
B.  law-making
C.  law enforcement
D.  provision of services
E.  powers of taxation
F.  precinct level
G.  census district
H.  school attendance zone
I.  township
J.  metropolitan area
K.  county level
L.  state level
M.  national level
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that law-making is a function of political units   
  2. Knows that law enforcement is a function of political units   
  3. Knows that the provision of services is a function of political units   
  4. Knows that the power of taxation is a function of political units   
  5. Knows how the functions of political units differ at the precinct level    
  6. Knows how the functions of political units differ at the level of census district   
  7. Knows how the functions of political units differ at the level of school attendance zone   
  8. Knows how the functions of political units differ at the township level    
  9. Knows how the functions of political units differ at the metropolis level   
  10. Knows how the functions of political units differ at the county level   
  11. Knows how the functions of political units differ at the state level   
  12. Knows how the functions of political units differ at the national level   


Citation Log: BD(GE,130,131;​EI,14;​NI,48;​TI,27)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document