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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 11.Understands the patterns and networks of economic interdependence on Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Transportation and communication networks; 2. Economic development and growth
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 3.Knows how transportation and communication have changed and how they have affected trade and economic activities (e.g., regions can specialize economically; with improved roads and refrigerated trucking, more fresh fruits and vegetables are available out of season; regional, national, and global markets expand as transportation and communication systems improve)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  changes in transportation
B.  changes in communication
C.  economically specialized region
D.  market expansion
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how transportation has changed over time    
  2. Knows how communication has changed over time   
  3. Knows how changing transportation has affected trade activities   
  4. Knows how changing transportation has affected economic activities   
  5. Knows how changing communication has affected trade activities   
  6. Knows how changing communication has affected economic activities   
  7. Knows that changing transportation has allowed regions to specialize economically   
  8. Knows that changing communication has allowed regions to specialize economically   
  9. Knows that improved roads have helped make fresh fruits and vegetables available out of season   
  10. Knows that refrigerated trucking has helped make fresh fruits and vegetables available out of season   
  11. Knows that regional markets expand as transportation systems continue to improve   
  12. Knows that regional markets expand as communication systems continue to improve   
  13. Knows that national markets expand as transportation systems continue to improve   
  14. Knows that national markets expand as communication systems continue to improve   
  15. Knows that global markets expand as transportation systems continue to improve   
  16. Knows that global markets expand as communication systems continue to improve   


Citation Log: BD(GE,127;​EI,14;​NI,47-48;​TE,31,32;​DI,3.2.3)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document