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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 10.Understands the nature and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaics
  
Topics1. Convergence and divergence of cultures; 2. Transportation and communication networks
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 5.Understands how communication and transportation technologies contribute to cultural convergence or divergence (e.g., convergence created by electronic media, computers, and jet aircraft; divergence created by technologies used to reinforce nationalistic or ethnic elitism or cultural separateness and independence)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  cultural convergence
B.  cultural divergence
C.  nationalistic elitism
D.  ethnic elitism
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how communication technology contributes to cultural convergence    
  2. Understands how communication technology contributes to cultural divergence   
  3. Understands how transportation technology contributes to cultural convergence    
  4. Understands how transportation technology contributes to cultural divergence   
  5. Understands the cultural convergence created by electronic media   
  6. Understands the cultural convergence created by computers   
  7. Understands the cultural convergence created by jet aircraft   
  8. Understands the cultural divergence created by technologies used to reinforce nationalistic elitism    
  9. Understands the cultural divergence created by technologies used to reinforce ethnic elitism    
  10. Understands the cultural divergence created by technologies used to reinforce cultural separateness    
  11. Understands the cultural divergence created by technologies used to reinforce cultural independence   


Citation Log: BD(GE,205;​IGI,9,10;​NI,75)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document