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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 10.Understands the nature and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaics
  
Topics1. Cooperation and conflict; 2. Convergence and divergence of cultures
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 4.Knows the role culture plays in incidents of cooperation and conflict in the present-day world (e.g., conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa in the 1960s, Central Europe in the 1980s and 1990s, states within the former Soviet Union in the 1990s; cooperation such as the religious and linguistic ties between Spain and parts of Latin America; ethnic ties among the Kurds living in Iran, Iraq, and Turkey)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  cultural influence on cooperation
B.  cultural influence on conflict
C.  conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa
D.  conflicts in Central Europe
E.  conflicts in the former Soviet Union
F.  ethnic tie
G.  Kurds
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows the role culture plays in incidents of cooperation in the present-day world   
  2. Knows the role culture plays in incidents of conflict in the present-day world   
  3. Understands the role of culture in the conflicts of sub-Saharan Africa in the 1960s   
  4. Understands the role of culture in the conflicts of Central Europe in the 1980s and 1990s   
  5. Understands the role of culture in the conflicts between states within the former Soviet Union in the 1990s   
  6. Understands the role of culture in the cooperation between Spain and parts of Latin America   
  7. Understands the religious ties between Spain and parts of Latin America   
  8. Understands the linguistic ties between Spain and parts of Latin America   
  9. Understands the ethnic ties among the Kurds living in Iran, Iraq, and Turkey   


Citation Log: BD(GE,203;​IGI,9,10;​NI,67)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document