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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 10.Understands the nature and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaics
  
TopicCultural diffusion, adaptation, and interaction
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 2.Knows ways in which communities reflect the cultural background of their inhabitants (e.g., distinctive building styles, billboards in Spanish, foreign-language advertisements in newspapers)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  cultural landscape
B.  architectural style
C.  foreign-language advertisements
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that distinctive building styles reflect the cultural background of a community’s inhabitants   
  2. Knows that foreign-language billboards reflect the cultural background of a community’s inhabitants   
  3. Knows that foreign-language advertisements in newspapers reflect the cultural background of a community’s inhabitants   


Citation Log: BD(GE,162;​NI,56,57)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document