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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 9.Understands the nature, distribution and migration of human populations on Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Migration and settlement patterns; 2. Impact of society on the environment
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 4.Understands the impact of human migration on physical and human systems (e.g., the impact of European settlers on the High Plains of North America in the nineteenth century, impact of rural-to-urban migration on suburban development and the resulting lack of adequate housing and stress on infrastructure, effects of population gains or losses on socioeconomic conditions)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  impact of human migration
B.  impact of European settlers
C.  High Plains of North America
D.  impact of rural-urban migration
E.  effect of population changes
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the impact of human migration human systems   
  2. Understands the impact of human migration on physical systems   
  3. Understands the impact of European settlers on the High Plains of North America in the nineteenth century   
  4. Understands the impact of rural-to-urban migration on suburban development   
  5. Understands the lack of adequate housing as a result of rural-to-urban migration    
  6. Understands the stress on infrastructure as a result of rural-to-urban migration    
  7. Understands the effects of population gains on socioeconomic conditions   
  8. Understands the effects of population losses on socioeconomic conditions   


Citation Log: BD(GE,202;​IGE,9,10;​NI,87,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document