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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 9.Understands the nature, distribution and migration of human populations on Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Migration and settlement patterns; 2. Urban growth and development
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 2.Knows the factors that influence patterns of rural-urban migration (e.g., urban commuting, effects of technology on transportation, communication and people's mobility, barriers that impede the flow of people, goods, and ideas)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  rural-urban migration
B.  commuting
C.  human mobility
D.  migration barrier
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that urban commuting influences patterns of rural-urban migration   
  2. Knows that transportation technology influences patterns of rural-urban migration   
  3. Knows that communication influences patterns of rural-urban migration   
  4. Knows that people’s mobility influences patterns of rural-urban migration   
  5. Knows that barriers impeding the flow of people influence patterns of rural-urban migration   
  6. Knows that barriers impeding the flow of goods influence patterns of rural-urban migration   
  7. Knows that barriers impeding the flow of ideas influence patterns of rural-urban migration   


Citation Log: BD(GE,161;​NE,68-69)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document