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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 9.Understands the nature, distribution and migration of human populations on Earth's surface
  
TopicPopulation density, distribution, and growth rates
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 1.Understands demographic concepts and how they are used to describe population characteristics of a country or region (e.g., rates of natural increase, crude birth and death rates, infant mortality, population growth rates, doubling time, life expectancy, average family size)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  demographics
B.  rate of natural increase
C.  crude birth rate
D.  crude death rate
E.  population growth rate
F.  doubling time
G.  average family size
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands demographic concepts    
  2. Understands how demographic concepts are used to describe population characteristics of a country   A   
  3. Understands how demographic concepts are used to describe population characteristics of a region  A   
  4. Understands the concept of rate of natural increase   
  5. Understands the concept of crude birth rate   
  6. Understands the concept of crude death rate   
  7. Understands the concept of infant mortality   
  8. Understands the concept of population growth rates   
  9. Understands the concept of doubling time   
  10. Understands the concept of life expectancy   
  11. Understands the concept of average family size   
  12. Understands how the rate of natural increase is used to describe population characteristics of a country    
  13. Understands how the rate of natural increase is used to describe population characteristics of a region   
  14. Understands how the crude birth rate is used to describe population characteristics of a region   
  15. Understands how the crude death rate is used to describe population characteristics of a country    
  16. Understands how the crude death rate is used to describe population characteristics of a region   
  17. Understands how infant mortality is used to describe population characteristics of a country    
  18. Understands how infant mortality is used to describe population characteristics of a region   
  19. Understands how the population growth rate is used to describe population characteristics of a country    
  20. Understands how the population growth rate is used to describe population characteristics of a region   
  21. Understands how doubling time is used to describe population characteristics of a country    
  22. Understands how doubling time is used to describe population characteristics of a region   
  23. Understands how life expectancy is used to describe population characteristics of a country    
  24. Understands how life expectancy is used to describe population characteristics of a region   
  25. Understands how the average family size is used to describe population characteristics of a country    
  26. Understands how the average family size is used to describe population characteristics of a region   
  27. Understands how the crude birth rate is used to describe population characteristics of a country    


 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BD(GE,160;​NE,74-75,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document