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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 9.Understands the nature, distribution and migration of human populations on Earth's surface
  
TopicMigration and settlement patterns
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 4.Knows the causes and effects of human migration (e.g., European colonists and African slaves to America, movement of people from drought areas in Africa, movement of people from East Asia to North America, effects of physical geography on national and international migration, cultural factors)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  human migration
B.  slave trade
C.  national migration
D.  international migration
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows the causes of human migration   
  2. Knows the effects of human migration   
  3. Understands the relationship of European colonists and African slaves in America   
  4. Understands the movement of people from drought areas in Africa   
  5. Understands the movement of people from East Asia to North America   
  6. Understands how physical geography affects national migration   
  7. Understands how physical geography affects international migration   
  8. Understands how cultural factors affect human migration   


Citation Log: BD(GE,123;​EI,16;​NI,49-50;​TI,43)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document