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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 7.Knows the physical processes that shape patterns on Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Natural disasters and humanity; 2. Geologic, atmospheric, and hydrospheric processes ; 3. Climate types and regions
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 4.Understands how physical processes affect different regions of the United States and the world (e.g., effects of hurricanes in the Caribbean Basin and the eastern United States or of earthquakes in Turkey, Japan, and Nicaragua; effects of desertification and soil degradation, flash floods, dust storms, sand movement, soil erosion and salt accumulation in dry environments)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  hurricanes in the Caribbean Basin
B.  hurricanes in the eastern United States
C.  earthquakes in Turkey
D.  earthquakes in Japan
E.  earthquakes in Nicaragua
F.  desertification
G.  soil degradation
H.  flash flood
I.  dust storm
J.  sand movement
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how physical processes affect different regions of the United States    
  2. Understands how physical processes affect different regions around the world   
  3. Understands the effects of hurricanes in the Caribbean Basin   
  4. Understands the effects of hurricanes in the eastern United States   
  5. Understands the effects of earthquakes in Turkey   
  6. Understands the effects of earthquakes in Japan   
  7. Understands the effects of earthquakes in Nicaragua   
  8. Understands the effects of desertification in dry environments   
  9. Understands the effects of soil degradation in dry environments   
  10. Understands the effects of flash floods in dry environments   
  11. Understands the effects of dust storms in dry environments   
  12. Understands the effects of sand movement in dry environments   
  13. Understands the effects of soil erosion in dry environments   
  14. Understands the effects of salt accumulation in dry environments   


Citation Log: BD(GE,197;​IEI,24,25,26,27;​IGE,13;​NE,73-74)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document