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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 7.Knows the physical processes that shape patterns on Earth's surface
  
TopicGeologic, atmospheric, and hydrospheric processes
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 3.Understands how physical systems are dynamic and interactive (e.g., the relationships between changes in land forms and the effects of climate such as the erosion of hill slopes by precipitation, deposition of sediments by floods, and shaping of land surfaces by wind)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  dynamic nature of physical systems
B.  interactive nature of physical systems
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how physical systems are dynamic    
  2. Understands how physical systems are interactive   
  3. Understands the relationships between climate and changes in land forms    
  4. Understands the relationship between the erosion of hill slopes and precipitation   
  5. Understands the relationship between the deposition of sediments and flooding   
  6. Understands the relationship between the shaping of land surfaces and wind   


Citation Log: BD(GE,198;​IEE,23;​NI,73-74,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document