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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 7.Knows the physical processes that shape patterns on Earth's surface
  
Topics1. Geologic, atmospheric, and hydrospheric processes ; 2. Ecosystems and biomes
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 1.Knows the physical components of Earth’s atmosphere (e.g., weather and climate), lithosphere (e.g., land forms such as mountains, hills, plateaus, plains), hydrosphere (e.g., oceans, lakes, rivers), and biosphere (e.g., vegetation and biomes)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  atmosphere
B.  lithosphere
C.  hydrosphere
D.  biosphere
E.  biome
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows the physical components of the Earth’s atmosphere   
  2. Knows the physical components of the Earth’s lithosphere   
  3. Knows the physical components of the Earth’s hydrosphere   
  4. Knows the physical components of the Earth’s biosphere   
  5. Knows that weather is a physical component of the Earth’s atmosphere   
  6. Knows that climate is a physical component of the Earth’s atmosphere   
  7. Knows that lands forms are a physical component of Earth’s lithosphere   
  8. Knows that mountains are a physical component of the Earth’s lithosphere   
  9. Knows that hills are a physical component of the Earth’s lithosphere   
  10. Knows that plateaus are a physical component of the Earth’s lithosphere   
  11. Knows that plains are a physical component of the Earth’s lithosphere   
  12. Knows that oceans are a physical component of the Earth’s hydrosphere   
  13. Knows that lakes are a physical component of the Earth’s hydrosphere   
  14. Knows that rivers are a physical component of the Earth’s hydrosphere   
  15. Knows that vegetation is a physical component of the Earth’s biosphere   
  16. Knows that biomes are a physical component of the Earth’s biosphere   


Citation Log: BD(GE,118;​EI,16;​NE,37;​TI,28,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document