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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 6.Understands that culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions
  
Topics1. Bias, meaning, and perspective; 2. Perceptions of places and regions; 3. Science, technology, and society
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 2.Knows how technology affects the ways in which culture groups perceive and use places and regions (e.g., impact of technology such as air conditioning and irrigation on the human use of arid lands; changes in perception of environment by culture groups, such as the snowmobile's impact on the lives of Inuit people or the swamp buggy's impact on tourist travel in the Everglades)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  effects of technology
B.  cultural perception
C.  impact of air conditioning
D.  impact of irrigation
E.  land use
F.  perception of environment
G.  Inuit people
H.  Everglades
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how technology affects the ways in which culture groups perceive places    
  2. Knows how technology affects the ways in which culture groups use places    
  3. Knows how technology affects the ways in which culture groups perceive regions   
  4. Knows how technology affects the ways in which culture groups use regions   
  5. Understands the impact of air conditioning on the human use of arid lands   
  6. Understands the impact of irrigation on the human use of arid lands   
  7. Understands the impact of the snowmobile on the lives of Inuit people   
  8. Understands the impact of the swamp buggy on tourist travel in the Everglades   


Citation Log: BD(GE,154;​NI,56-57)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document