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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 4.Understands the physical and human characteristics of place
  
Topics1. Characteristics of places; 2. Geologic, atmospheric, and hydrospheric processes ; 3. Migration and settlement patterns
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 2.Understands why places have specific physical and human characteristics in different parts of the world (e.g., the effects of climatic and tectonic processes, settlement and migration patterns, site and situation components)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  differing characteristics of place
B.  climatic process
C.  tectonic process
D.  site component
E.  situation component
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands why places have specific physical characteristics in different parts of the world   
  2. Understands why places have specific human characteristics in different parts of the world   
  3. Understands the effect of climatic processes on physical characteristics in different parts of the world   
  4. Understands the effect of climatic processes on human characteristics in different parts of the world   
  5. Understands the effect of tectonic processes on physical characteristics in different parts of the world   
  6. Understands the effect of tectonic processes on human characteristics in different parts of the world   
  7. Understands the effect of settlement patterns on physical characteristics in different parts of the world   
  8. Understands the effect of settlement patterns on human characteristics in different parts of the world   
  9. Understands the effect of migration patterns on physical characteristics in different parts of the world   
  10. Understands the effect of migration patterns on human characteristics in different parts of the world   
  11. Understands the effect of site components on physical characteristics in different parts of the world   
  12. Understands the effect of site components on human characteristics in different parts of the world   
  13. Understands the effect of situation components on physical characteristics in different parts of the world   
  14. Understands the effect of situation components on human characteristics in different parts of the world   


Citation Log: BD(GE,190;​NI,72,75)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document