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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 4.Understands the physical and human characteristics of place
  
TopicCharacteristics of places
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 1.Knows how social, cultural, and economic processes shape the features of places (e.g., resource use, belief systems, modes of transportation and communication; major technological changes such as the agricultural and industrial revolutions; population growth and urbanization)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  social process
B.  cultural process
C.  economic process
D.  agricultural revolution
E.  industrial revolution
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how social processes shape the features of places   
  2. Knows how cultural processes shape the features of places   
  3. Knows how economic processes shape the features of places   
  4. Knows that resource use shapes the features of places   
  5. Knows that belief systems shape the features of places   
  6. Knows that transportation shapes the features of places   
  7. Knows that communication shapes the features of places   
  8. Knows that agricultural revolutions shape the features of places   
  9. Knows that industrial revolutions shape the features of places   
  10. Knows that population growth shapes the features of places   
  11. Knows that urbanization shapes the features of places   


Citation Log: BD(GE,191;​NI,75)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document