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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 4.Understands the physical and human characteristics of place
Topics1. Science, technology, and society; 2. Characteristics of places
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 3.Knows how technology shapes the human and physical characteristics of places (e.g., satellite dishes, computers, road construction)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  effects of technology
B.  shaping physical characteristics
C.  shaping human characteristics
D.  satellite dish
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how technology shapes the human characteristics of places   
  2. Knows how technology shapes the physical characteristics of places   
  3. Knows that satellite dishes shape places   
  4. Knows that computer technology shapes places   
  5. Knows that road construction shapes places   

Citation Log: BD(GE,151;​NI,61-62)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document