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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 4.Understands the physical and human characteristics of place
  
Topics1. Characteristics of places; 2. Impact of society on the environment; 3. Impact of the environment on society
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 1.Knows how the characteristics of places are shaped by physical and human processes (e.g., effects of agriculture on changing land use and vegetation; effects of settlement on the building of roads; relationship of population distribution to land forms, climate, vegetation, or resources)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  physical process
B.  human process
C.  effects of agriculture
D.  effects of human settlement
E.  population distribution
F.  characteristics of places
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how the characteristics of places are shaped by physical processes   
  2. Knows how the characteristics of places are shaped by human processes   
  3. Knows the effects of agriculture on changing land use    
  4. Knows the effects of agriculture on vegetation   
  5. Knows the effects of human settlement on the building of roads   
  6. Knows the relationship between population distribution and land forms   
  7. Knows the relationship between population distribution and climate   
  8. Knows the relationship between population distribution and vegetation   
  9. Knows the relationship between population distribution and resources   


Citation Log: BD(GE,114;​NE,37,38;​TE,28,29)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document