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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 1.Understands the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies
TopicEarth-Sun relations
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 3.Understands concepts such as axis, seasons, rotation, and revolution (Earth-Sun relations)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  Earth’s axis
B.  Earth’s rotation
C.  Earth’s revolution
D.  Earth-Sun relations
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that the Earth rotates (spins) on a tilted axis   
  2. Knows that the Earth revolves around the Sun in an orbit   
  3. Understands that the seasons are affected by the tilt of the Earth’s axis and its revolution around the Sun   

Citation Log: BD(GE,145;​NE,37)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document