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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 1.Understands the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies
TopicMaps, globes, and atlases
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 2.Interprets topography using aerial photos and maps
   Vocabulary terms
A.  topography
B.  aerial photograph
C.  topographical map
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Interprets topography using aerial photos   
  2. Interprets topography using maps  A   
  3. Understands the concept of topography   

 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BP(GE,106;​EI,14;​NI,34;​TE,28)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document