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List of Benchmarks for Civics 
 Standard 21.Understands the formation and implementation of public policy
  
TopicFormation and implementation of public policy
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 3.Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on certain issues of public policy (e.g., affirmative action, gun control, environmental protection, capital punishment, equal rights)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  conflict over public policy
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of affirmative action   
  2. Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of gun control   
  3. Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of environmental protection   
  4. Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of capital punishment   
  5. Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of equal rights   


Citation Log: BD(CE,70;​DI,21.4.4;​NI,47;​QE,640-641)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A1   LFS: Authority, I (elementary)
B   National Standards for Business Education
C   CCE: National Standards for Civics and Government
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
J1   LFS: Justice, I (elementary)
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Civics (1998, 2006)
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
P1   LFS: Privacy, I (elementary)
P2   LFS: Privacy, II (elementary)
Q   Quigley: Civitas
R1   LFS: Responsibility, I (elementary)
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document