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List of Benchmarks for Civics 
 Standard 21.Understands the formation and implementation of public policy
TopicFormation and implementation of public policy
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 2.Knows how public policies are formed and implemented, and understands how citizens can monitor and influence policies
   Vocabulary terms
A.  formation of public policy
B.  implementation of public policy
C.  citizen monitoring of public policy
D.  citizen influence on public policy
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how public policies are formed   
  2. Knows how public policies are implemented   
  3. Understands how citizens can monitor policies   
  4. Understands how citizens can influence policies   

Citation Log: BD(CE,70;​NI,47;​QE,638-639)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A1   LFS: Authority, I (elementary)
B   National Standards for Business Education
C   CCE: National Standards for Civics and Government
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
J1   LFS: Justice, I (elementary)
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Civics (1998, 2006)
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
P1   LFS: Privacy, I (elementary)
P2   LFS: Privacy, II (elementary)
Q   Quigley: Civitas
R1   LFS: Responsibility, I (elementary)
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document