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Civics 
 Standard 18.Understands the role and importance of law in the American constitutional system and issues regarding the judicial protection of individual rights
  
Topics1. Judicial protection of individual rights; 2. Prevention and management of conflict in society
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 9.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of the adversary system and the advantages and disadvantages of alternative means of conflict management (e.g., negotiation, mediation, arbitration, and litigation)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  adversary system
B.  alternative means of conflict management
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the advantages of the adversary system   
  2. Understands the disadvantages of the adversary system   
  3. Understands the advantages of alternative means of conflict management   
  4. Understands the disadvantages of alternative means of conflict management   
  5. Knows that negotiation is an alternative means of conflict management   
  6. Knows that mediation is an alternative means of conflict management   
  7. Knows that arbitration is an alternative means of conflict management   
  8. Knows that litigation is an example of the adversary system   


Citation Log: BD(CE,67-68)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A1   LFS: Authority, I (elementary)
B   National Standards for Business Education
C   CCE: National Standards for Civics and Government
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
J1   LFS: Justice, I (elementary)
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Civics (1998, 2006)
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
P1   LFS: Privacy, I (elementary)
P2   LFS: Privacy, II (elementary)
Q   Quigley: Civitas
R1   LFS: Responsibility, I (elementary)
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document