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List of Benchmarks for Grades K-4 History 
 Standard 4.Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
Topics1. Formation of United States government; 2. Role of individuals in history
   Level II (Grade 3-4)
  Benchmark 12.Understands why Americans and those who led them (e.g., George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson) went to war to win independence from England
   Vocabulary terms
A.  reasons for American Revolution
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that the American Revolution was fought to win America’s independence from England   
  2. Knows that George Washington was the general who led American forces to victory in the American Revolution   
  3. Knows that Benjamin Franklin was one of the authors of the Declaration of Independence   
  4. Knows that Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence   

Citation Log: BD(KE,48,49;​NE,15-16)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Provisional Item Specifications
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document