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List of Benchmarks for Grades K-4 History 
 Standard 4.Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
Topics1. Symbols and historic landmarks; 2. Values and principles of American democracy
   Level II (Grade 3-4)
  Benchmark 11.Understands how songs, symbols, and slogans demonstrate freedom of expression and the role of protest in a democracy (e.g., the Boston Tea Party, the abolition of slavery, women's suffrage, labor movements, the civil rights movement)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  protest in a democracy
B.  freedom of expression
C.  protest songs
D.  symbols of protest
E.  protest slogans
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that freedom of expression is a basic principle of American democracy   
  2. Knows that songs are a means of expression   
  3. Knows that symbols are a means of expression   
  4. Knows that slogans are a means of expression   
  5. Understands the role of protest in American democracy   

Citation Log: BD(BE,34;​KE,53,54)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Provisional Item Specifications
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document