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List of Benchmarks for Grades K-4 History 
 Standard 4.Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
Topics1. Roles of ordinary people in American democracy; 2. Role of individuals in history
   Level II (Grade 3-4)
  Benchmark 4.Understands the accomplishments of ordinary people in historical situations and how each struggled for individual rights or for the common good (e.g., James Armistead, Sybil Ludington, Nathan Beman, Lydia Darragh, Betty Zane)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  historical accomplishments of ordinary people
B.  individual rights
C.  the common good
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that ordinary Americans have had roles in historical situations   
  2. Knows that ordinary Americans have struggled for individual rights   
  3. Knows that ordinary Americans have struggled for the common good   
  4. Knows that James Armistead was a slave who served as a spy during the American Revolution   
  5. Knows that Sybil Ludington alerted American militiamen of the approach of the British during the American Revolution   
  6. Knows that Nathan Beman guided Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys at Fort Ticonderoga   
  7. Knows that Lydia Darragh warned American troops of an impending British attack during the American Revolution   
  8. Knows that Betty Zane crossed through enemy fire to bring gunpowder to American settlers who were under attack from Indians and British soldiers   

Citation Log: BD(BE,33;​KE,50)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Provisional Item Specifications
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document