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List of Benchmarks for Visual Arts 
 Standard 5.Understands the characteristics and merits of one's own artwork and the artwork of others
Topics1. Historical and cultural context of artistic works; 2. Artistic skills and techniques
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 3.Knows how specific works are created and relate to historical and cultural contexts
   Vocabulary terms
A.  historical context of artwork
B.  cultural context of artwork
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how specific works of art are created   
  2. Knows how specific works of art relate to historical contexts   
  3. Knows how specific works of art relate to cultural contexts   

Citation Log: BD(AE,71;​CI,152;​IAI,5;​IMI,18;​NE,87)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   CNAEA: National Standards for Arts Education
C   California Visual/Performing Arts Framework
F   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
IA   International Baccalaureate: Art/Design
IM   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Arts
M   MENC: The School Music Program
N   NAEP: Arts Education Assessment Framework
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
U   United Kingdom: The review of the desirable outcomes for children’s learning
Z   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document