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List of Benchmarks for Grades K-4 History 
 Standard 4.Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
Topics1. Values and principles of American democracy; 2. Role of individuals in history
   Level I (Grade K-2)
  Benchmark 2.Understands how individuals have worked to achieve the liberties and equality promised in the principles of American democracy and to improve the lives of people from many groups (e.g., Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr.;Soujourner Truth; Cesar Chavez)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  liberty
B.  equality
C.  principles of American democracy
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that liberty and equality are among the main principles of American democracy   
  2. Knows that Rosa Park’s refusal to give up her bus seat to a white person led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott   
  3. Knows that Martin Luther King, Jr. was a leader of the civil rights movement   
  4. Knows that Cesar Chavez helped migrant farm workers gain better pay and better working conditions   
  4. Knows that Sojourner Truth was a former slave who advocated the abolition of slavery   

Citation Log: BD(BE,32;​KE,48,49;​NE,28,29)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Provisional Item Specifications
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document