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List of Benchmarks for Science 
 Standard 2.Understands Earth's composition and structure
  
Topics1. Characteristics of the Earth system ; 2. Earth’s surface features
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 2.Knows how land forms are created through a combination of constructive and destructive forces (e.g., constructive forces such as crustal deformation, volcanic eruptions, and deposition of sediment; destructive forces such as weathering and erosion)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  land form creation
B.  geologic force
C.  crustal deformation
D.  constructive force
E.  deconstructive force
F.  sedimentation
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that a combination of destructive and constructive forces create land forms  A   P  
  2. Knows that crustal deformation is a constructive force   
  3. Knows that volcanic eruptions are constructive forces   
  4. Knows that deposition of sediment is a constructive force   
  5. Knows that weathering is a destructive force   
  6. Knows that erosion is a destructive force  A   P  


 A  = Assessment items available

 P  = Performance expectation(s) available based on source documents

Citation Log: BD(2I,73;​CAE,65;​IBEE,28;​N2I,93;​NSE,87;​OLI,1e;​PI,86-87;​SE,160;​TE,66)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document