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List of Benchmarks for Science 
 Standard 2.Understands Earth's composition and structure
TopicRocks, minerals, and soil
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 4.Knows the composition and properties of soils (e.g., components of soil such as weathered rock, living organisms, products of plants and animals; properties of soil such as color, texture, capacity to retain water, ability to support plant growth)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  soil composition
B.  properties of soil
C.  weathered rock
D.  organism
E.  plant product
F.  animal product
G.  soil color
H.  soil texture
I.  water capacity
J.  plant growth
K.  ability to support plant growth
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows the composition of soils   
  2. Knows the properties of soils   
  3. Knows that weathered rock is a component of soil   
  4. Knows that living organisms are a component of soil   
  5. Knows that plant products are a component of soil   
  6. Knows that animal products are a component of soil   
  7. Knows that color is a property of soil   
  8. Knows that texture is a property of soil   
  9. Knows that the capacity to retain water is a property of soil   
  10. Knows that the ability to support plant growth is a property of soil  A   
McREL Activity(s)
   Straight Scoop on Soils, You Dig?

 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BD(2E,72;​CAE,42;​IB1E,1.4;​N1I,133;​NSE,80;​TE,51,66;​*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document