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List of Benchmarks for Historical Understanding 
 Standard 2.Understands the historical perspective
Topics1. Historical analysis and interpretations; 2. Historical viewpoints and perspectives
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 11.Knows how to perceive past events with historical empathy
   Vocabulary terms
A.  perceptions of past events
B.  historical empathy
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that understanding the perspective of the time is one way to perceive past events with historical empathy   
  2. Knows why it is important to perceive past events with historical empathy   
McREL Activity(s)
   Caught Between Worlds: Frontier Life as Reflected in Captivity Narratives
   Interpreting Christopher Columbus

Citation Log: BP(GE,25;​BI,64;​IUI,12;​LI,41)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
G   Gagnon: Historical Literacy
IH   International Baccalaureate: History
IU   International Baccalaureate: Humanities
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
L   Lessons from History
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document