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List of Benchmarks for Historical Understanding 
 Standard 2.Understands the historical perspective
TopicHistorical analysis and interpretations
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 8.Understands how past events are affected by the irrational (e.g., the assassination of John F. Kennedy or Archduke Francis Ferdinand) and the accidental (e.g., the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  effect of irrational events on history
B.  effect of accidental events on history
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how past events are affected by irrational occurrences   
  2. Understands how past events are affected by accidental occurrences   
  3. Understands the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus as an example of an accidental event   
  4. Understands the assassinations of John F. Kennedy and Archduke Francis Ferdinand are examples of irrational events   

Citation Log: BD(BE,66;​AE,27;​GE,26,314-315;​LI,41)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
G   Gagnon: Historical Literacy
IH   International Baccalaureate: History
IU   International Baccalaureate: Humanities
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
L   Lessons from History
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document