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List of Benchmarks for Historical Understanding 
 Standard 2.Understands the historical perspective
  
Topics1. Historical analysis and interpretations; 2. Historical viewpoints and perspectives
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 7.Knows how to avoid seizing upon particular lessons of history as cures for present ills
   Vocabulary terms
A.  lessons of history
B.  presentism
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows why particular lessons of history might not be applicable to present circumstances   
  2. Knows how careful analysis helps to avoid applying the lessons of history inappropriately to present circumstances   


Citation Log: BP(GE,26;​LI,41)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
G   Gagnon: Historical Literacy
IH   International Baccalaureate: History
IU   International Baccalaureate: Humanities
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
L   Lessons from History
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document