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List of Benchmarks for Historical Understanding 
 Standard 2.Understands the historical perspective
Topics1. Historical analysis and interpretations; 2. Causes and effects in history
   Level III (Grade 7-8)
  Benchmark 3.Analyzes the effect that specific "chance events" had on history
   Vocabulary terms
1.  effects of specific chance events on history
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows a specific "chance event" that had an effect on history   
  2. Knows how to identify the effect of a "chance event" on history   

Citation Log: BP(BE,66;​AE,27;​GI,26;​LI,41;​WI,25)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
G   Gagnon: Historical Literacy
IH   International Baccalaureate: History
IU   International Baccalaureate: Humanities
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
L   Lessons from History
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document