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List of Benchmarks for Historical Understanding 
 Standard 1.Understands and knows how to analyze chronological relationships and patterns
  
Topics1. Chronological thinking; 2. Calendar time
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 4.Understands alternative systems of recording time (e.g., Egyptian, Indian, Mayan, Muslim, Jewish), astronomical systems on which they are based (e.g., solar, lunar, semilunar), their fixed points for measuring time, and their strengths and weaknesses
   Vocabulary terms
A.  alternative systems of recording time
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the Egyptian system of recording time   
  2. Understands the Indian system of recording time   
  3. Understands the Mayan system of recording time   
  4. Understands the Muslim system of recording time   
  5. Understands the Jewish system of recording time   
  6. Knows that there are alternative systems of recording time based on solar systems   
  7. Knows that there are alternative systems of recording time based on the lunar system   
  8. Knows that there are alternative systems of recording time based on semilunar systems   
  9. Knows the fixed points for measuring time in alternative systems of recording time   
  10. Knows the strengths of alternative systems of recording time   
  11. Knows the weaknesses of alternative systems of recording time   


Citation Log: BD(AE,22)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
G   Gagnon: Historical Literacy
IH   International Baccalaureate: History
IU   International Baccalaureate: Humanities
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
L   Lessons from History
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document