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Thinking and Reasoning 
 Standard 2.Understands and applies basic principles of logic and reasoning
TopicLogical Reasoning
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 3.Understands the difference between formal and informal uses (e.g., in everyday situations) of the terms "sufficient" and "necessary"
   Vocabulary terms
A.  use of the term "sufficient"
B.  use of the term "necessary"
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the formal uses of the term "sufficient"    
  2. Understands the informal uses of the term "sufficient"    
  3. Understands the formal uses of the term "necessary"   
  4. Understands the informal uses of the term "necessary"   

Citation Log: BD(2I,297)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
A   CNAEA: National Standards for Arts Education
AC   Achieve: American Diploma Project College and Workplace Readiness Benchmarks
BW   NLWC: Blueprint for Life/Work Designs
C   CCE: National Standards for Civics and Government
E   NCTE: Democracy Through Language
F   ACTFL: Standards for Foreign Language Learning
FC   Wisconsin: Model Academic Standard for Family and Consumer Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
H   JHESC: National Health Education Standards
I   ITAC: Core Integrated Technical & Academic Competencies for Career-Focused Education
M   NCTM: Curriculum & Evaluation Standards for Mathematics
MC   Michigan: Career and Employability Skills
NH   NCHS: National Standards for History: Basic Edition
NS   NRC: National Science Education Standards
O   Oregon: Alignment of the Career and Life Role Common Curriculum Goals with Career-Related Learning Standards
P   NASPE: National Standards for Physical Education
PS   NCTM: Principles and Standards for School Mathematics
S   SCANS: Report for America 2000
S4S   AAU: Standards for Success
SP1   NCTE: Standards in Practice: K-2
SP2   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 3-5
SP3   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 6-8
SP4   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 9-12
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
T1   Tennessee: Career Connections Standards
T2   Tennessee: Success Skills through Service Learning Standards
T3   Tennessee: Family and Consumer Sciences Standards
T4   Tennessee: Teen Living Standards
T5   Tennessee: Adult Living Standards
UC   ICAS: Academic Literacy: A Statement of Competencies Expected of Students Entering California’s Public Colleges and Universities
V   Vermont: Framework of Standards and Learning Opportunities
W   Carnevale: Workplace Basics

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document