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List of Benchmarks for Historical Understanding 
 Standard 1.Understands and knows how to analyze chronological relationships and patterns
TopicChronological thinking
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 5.Distinguishes between past, present, and future time
   Vocabulary terms
A.  past time
B.  present time
C.  future time
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the concept of the past   
  2. Understands the concept of the present   
  3. Understands the concept of the future   
  4. Knows the relative order of past, present, and future time   

Citation Log: BC(BE,18;​KE,19)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
G   Gagnon: Historical Literacy
IH   International Baccalaureate: History
IU   International Baccalaureate: Humanities
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
L   Lessons from History
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document