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Language Arts
 Standard 1.Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  
Topics1. Literary/Narrative writing; 2. Paragraph development; 3. Style, diction, and voice; 4. Creating support
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 8.Writes fictional, biographical, autobiographical, and observational narrative compositions (e.g., establishes a fluent progression of experiences or events; evaluates the significance of the incident; provides a specific setting for scenes and incidents; provides supporting descriptive detail [specific names for people, objects, and places; visual details of scenes, objects, and places; descriptions of sounds, smells, specific actions, movements, and gestures; the interior monologue or feelings of the characters]; paces the actions to accommodate time or mood changes; creates a unifying theme or tone; uses literary devices to enhance style and tone; provides a conclusion that reflects upon the progression and resolution of the narrative)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  fiction
B.  writing biographical compositions
C.  style
D.  narrative
E.  progression of events
F.  narrating events
G.  setting
H.  descriptive detail
I.  interior monologue
J.  literary device
K.  changing moods
L.  narrative pace
M.  theme
N.  tone
O.  change in narrative pace
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Writes fictional compositions  A   P   W.9-10.3; W.11-12.3 
  2. Writes biographical compositions   P   W.9-10.3; W.11-12.3 
  3. Writes autobiographical compositions   P   W.9-10.3; W.11-12.3 
  4. Writes observational narrative compositions    W.9-10.3; W.11-12.3 
  5. Establishes a fluent progression of experiences or events   P   W.9-10.3.a,c; W.11-12.3.a,c 
  6. Evaluates the significance of an incident  A   P  
  7. Provides a specific setting for scenes   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  8. Provides a specific setting for incidents   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-122.3.d 
  9. Provides supporting descriptive detail   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  10. Provides specific names for people    W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  11. Provides specific names for objects    W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  12. Provides specific names for places    W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  13. Provides visual details of scenes   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  14. Provides visual details of objects    W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  15. Provides visual details of places    W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d  
  16. Provides descriptions of sounds   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  17. Provides descriptions of smells   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d  
  18. Provides descriptions of specific actions   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  19. Provides descriptions of movements   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d  
  20. Provides descriptions of gestures   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d 
  21. Provides interior monologue of characters   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d  
  22. Provides feelings of characters   P   W.9-10.3.d; W.11-12.3.d  
  23. Paces actions to accommodate time changes   P   W.9-10.3.b; W.11-12.3.b 
  24. Paces actions to accommodate mood changes   P   W.9-10.3.b; W.11-12.3.b 
  25. Creates unifying theme   P  
  26. Creates unifying tone    W.11-12.3.c 
  27. Uses literary devices to enhance style   
  28. Uses literary devices to enhance tone    W.11-12.3.c 
  29. Provides a concluding statement that reflects upon the progression and resolution of the narrative    W.9-10.3.e; W.11-12.3.e 


 A  = Assessment items available

 P  = Performance expectation(s) available based on source documents

 CC  = Common Core standards available (Common Core ID indicated)

Citation Log: BP(AE,82;​CAE,60,70;​CBE,73,76;​ES3I,2;​IAI,29;​INE,86,96,106,118;​MAE,74;​NS3E,24;​NWE,4-5;​NZ2I,19,21;​SP4I,16;​T3E,24,56;​VE,46,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
A   Australian Education Council
AASL   American Association of School Librarians
AC   ACT, College Readiness Standards
AD   American Diploma Project
B   British Film Institute
C   Considine & Haley, Visual Images
CA   California: English-Language Arts Content Standards
CB   CBE: Standards for Excellence
CBS   College Board: College Board Standards for College Success: English Language Arts
CC   Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts
D   Department of Defense Curriculum
E1   Edison Project: Primary Academy
E2   Edison Project: Elementary Academy
E3   Edison Project: Junior Academy
ES1   NCTE: Exemplar Series, K-5
ES2   NCTE: Exemplar Series, 6-8
ES3   NCTE: Exemplar Series, 9-12
FR   France: Programmes de l’ecole primaire francaise
G1   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 1
G2   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 2
G3   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 3
G4   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 4
G5   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 5
G6   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 6
G7   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 7
G8   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 8
G9   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 9
GAL   Georgia: English Language Arts - American Literature
GK   Georgia: English Language Arts - Kindergarten
HS   Head Start Child Outcome Framework
IA   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Language A
IA1   International Baccalaureate: Language A1 Guide
IN   Indiana: English Language Arts
IP   International Baccalaureate: Primary
L   Literacy for the Information Age
LA   Louisiana Language and Literacy Development
MA   Massachusetts: English Language Arts Curriculum Framework
MA2   Massachusetts: Supplement to English Language Arts Framework, Grades 3,5,7
MH   McGraw-Hill Pre-K Standards
N   National Communication Association
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4 (2003)
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8 (2003)
NR   NAEP: 1992-1998 Achievement Levels- Reading
NS1   New Standards: Elementary School
NS2   New Standards: Middle School
NS3   New Standards: High School
NW   NAEP: 1992-1998 Achievement Levels-Writing
NZ    New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
NZ2   New Zealand Curriculum
O1   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 1
O10   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 10
O11   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 11
O12   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 12
O2   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 2
O3   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 3
O4   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 4
O5   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 5
O6   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 6
O7   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 7
O8   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 8
O9   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 9
P   Partnership for 21st Century Skills
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   Speech Communication Association
SP1   NCTE: Standards in Practice: K-2
SP2   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 3-5
SP3   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 6-8
SP4   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 9-12
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
T   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading
T1   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: Elementary
T2   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: Middle School
T3   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: High School
TM   Teaching the Media
TX   Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
U   Understanding University Success: A Report from Standards for Success
UNK   United Kingdom: Curriculum Guidance for the Foundation Stage
UT   Utah Early Childhood Standards
V   Board of Education, Commonwealth of Virginia: Standards of Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document